Where is the Facility?

Fuel oil transformation units are located at Tüpraş İzmit Refinery B District Körfez, Kocaeli.

What is the Contribution of This Facility to Production?

In Tüpraş’s 4 refineries, around 4.2 million tons of black oil will be processed and 3.5 million tons of white oil products like LPG and gasoline, 2.9 million tons being diesel oil, and also 700 thousand tons of petroleum cokes will be produced.

What is the Investment Cost of the Project?

Investment cost of the project, including the financing expenses, is 2.7 billion Dollars and it is the biggest investment in an industrial facility ever made at once in our country until today. Adding the additional infrastructure projects like stage and railway, the amount of investment is 3.2 billion Dollars.

What is Its Contribution to Tüpraş and the National Economy?

Through the investment around 550 million USD Dollars of which will provide interest and increase in profit before tax, products with a higher added value instead of fuel oil will be exported, the need for import of products like diesel oil, LPG and petroleum coke will decrease, and foreign trade deficit of our country will have a decrease of 1 billion US Dollars.

What is the Contribution of the Facility to Employment?

In scope of the project, approximately 10 thousand people were employed on site, including solution partners and subcontractors, in the 3-year construction-assembly process of 17 units in total, 6 of which are particularly the core units; and 500 qualified people will have been permanently employed in commissioning of the project and operation of the facility.

Our Company’s Goal

Our goal is to lead the sector with innovative practices and meet our country’s need for oil and fuel products.


  • Frequently asked questions
    • The Reason Why Tüpraş is not Operated with Full Capacity

      As a matter of properties of crude oil, refineries are unable to transform crude oil into the product composition demanded according to the market preference. On the basis of the facility’s production capability and properties of the processed crude oil, it must produce diesel oil and gasoline in certain quantities and other fuel products in certain quantities. For example, a typical Mediterranean refinery with a medium complexity produces an average of 3-5% LPG, 20-23% naphtha and gasoline, 30-44% jet fuel and diesel oil and 28-35% fuel oil products.

      Therefore, optimization is applied on uses of refinery capacity depending o the demand for the products. For example, consumption of fuel products was around 35.5 million tons, Tüpraş was operated with a capacity of 79% and production was 21.2 million tons in Turkey in 2013. In terms of products, Turkey’s gasoline consumption was 1.9 million tons and Tüpraş’s production was 4.6 million tons; diesel oil consumption was 16.8 million tons and Tüpraş’s production was 5.6 million tons. Similarly, 1.6 million tons of fuel oil was consumed and 2.7 million tons of fuel oil was produced. For this reason, certain products have surplus and some products have output gap. Diesel fuel is the most consumed product in our country’s fuel sector and consumption is three times more than production. Our country is a net importer. As for gasoline which is taxed at a higher rate when compared to diesel oil, consumption is decreasing by years and 60% of production is exported.

    • Why Fuel Oil Transformation Project?

      RUP/Fuel oil transformation units are facilities with a high investment cost, which transform inconsumable black oils with a low added value into white products with high added value and with an increasing consumption (diesel oil, gasoline, jet fuel, LPG). It was decided to make an investment of fuel oil transformation in 2008 in order to organize production configuration according to the supply-demand balance and ensure that refineries work at maximum capacity and sustain their activities.

      With this project, optimization will be provided between Tüpraş’s refineries and use of capacity will be enhanced through procurement of raw materials from other refineries to İzmit, and product flexibility and maximization will be achieved in all refineries.

    • What is Nelson Complexity Index?

      This indicator, which measures product transformation capacity of refineries and identify their complexity, provides the chance to compare refineries of the world with each other. Index is an indicator of the level of high added value of final products generated by one unit of crude oil. Similar to ounce identifying the value of gold or carat identifying the value of diamond, transformation in refining is measured with high complexity value.

      For the time present,

      • İzmit Refinery has a Nelson Complexity of 7.78,
      • İzmir Refinery has a Nelson Complexity of 7.66,
      • Kirikkale Refinery has a Nelson Compexity of 6.32 and
      • Batman Refinery has a Nelson Compexity of 1.83.

      Upon completion of the project, Nelson Compexity of İzmit Refinery will increase from 7.78 to 14.5, which is one of the highest values in the world.
      Tüpraş’s black oil quantity will be decreased in an approximate rate of 50% by 2014 and output of valuable white product will be over 80% in total.

    • How Many Units are There in the Facility?
      Vacuum Unit 7,500 m3/day
      Coking Unit 8,200 m3/day
      Hydroprocessing Unit  
      Hydrocracker Unit
      Naphtha Hydrogenation Unit
      Diesel Desulphurization Unit
      8,000 m3/day
      Hydrocracker Unit
      Naphtha Hydrogenation Unit
      Diesel Desulphurization Unit
      8,000 m3/day
      1,200 m3/day
      4,000 m3/day
      Hydrogen Unit 160 thousand m3/hour
      Power Generation Unit     120 MW
      Oil Movements Unit/Storage Tanks 23 pieces/660 thousand m3

      The facily consists of a total of 17 units, six of which are particularly the core units. The facility is connected to the sea with a 780-meter stage and a wagon discharge area (gare) was constructed for connection to railway

    • Main Steps of the Project

      The investment is the product of a work covering 6 years.

      • March 11, 2008 Board Decision concerning investment process of RUP Project
      • June 1, 2008 Project site survey works,
      • July 22, 2008 Technical and commercial two-stage tender
      • August 26, 2008 Public participation meeting,
      • April 24, 2009 EIA Report,
      • December 17, 2009 Contract with UTE TR RUP Treunıdas RUP İnşaat ve Taahhüt Limited Şirketi Consortium
      • January 3, 2011 Large-scale investment incentive certificate was obtained: TL 2,338,350,929,
      • February 23, 2011 Incentive certificate was revised: TL 3,96,844,523,
      • July 7, 2011 Excavation works on the site,
      • October 13, 2011 The loan agreement insured by Spanish Export Credit Agency CESCE and Italian Credit Agency SACE was signed with 10 international finance institutions,
      • November 14, 2011 The period for construction started,
      • December 17, 2011 The first lean concrete casting on the site,
      • May 31, 2012 The first steel column assembly,
      • June 21, 2012
        • RUP financing receives the Excellence Award from Trade Finance Magazine,
        • RUP financing receives the Best Structured Finance Deal of Europe, Middle East and Africa from EMEA Finance Magazine,
      • August 28, 2012 Concrete chimney construction,
      • September 5, 2012 The first equipment installation,
      • December 24, 2012 Countdown from 690 days started.
      • May 7, 2013 The heaviest reactor of the project,
      • June 24, 2013 Flare steel structure erection,
      • October 7, 2013 Strategic investment incentive: TL 2,925,507,308,
      • December 19, 2013 First powering on the site,
      • January 24, 2014 Black oil tanker T. Esra (19 Thousand DWT),
      • May 5, 2014 The last pile of the stage was nailed,
      • June 11, 2014 New natural gas line was connected to the refinery,
      • June 24, 2014 T. Aylin (19 Thousand DWT) was launched and joined our transport fleet,
      • September 15, 2004 Flare was fired.
    • Fuel Oil Transformation Project by Numbers
      Construction Area 1,523 decares
      Base area of storage tanks 42,521 m2
      Tank volume 663,812 m3
      Earthwork quantity 2 million 252 thousand m3/4 million tons of soil
      Number of heavy equipment-trucks used for earthwork 250 pcs x 1250 times a day x 5 months
      Structural iron 27,500 tons
      Concrete  230 thousand m3
      Field concrete 166,500 m2
      Steel construction 44,500 tons

      582 thousand m.
      51 thousand m.

      Steam  433 thousand m.
      Equipment 45 thousand tons


      342,000 m2
      85 Thousand m2


      Cable tray
      Cable laying  

      30,000 m.
      1,750,000 m.

      Cable tray
      Inst. cable laying 

      21,500 m.
      2,060,000 m.

      Instrument installation  28,000 pcs

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